Journal Articles

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Preventing tuberculosis among HIV-infected pregnant women in Lesotho: the case for rolling out active case finding and isoniazid preventive therapy

By Tiam A, Machekano R, Gounder C, et al. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. September 2014.

The study evaluated the implementation of tuberculosis idenitication and treatment guidelines in maternal and child health  settings in two health facilities in Lesotho.

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Unmet Need for Family Planning, Contraceptive Failure, and Unintended Pregnancy among HIV-Infected and HIV-uninfected Women in Zimbabwe

By McCoy S, Buzdugan R, Ralph L, Mushavi A, Mahomva A, Hakobyan A, Watadzaushe C, Dirawo J, Cowan F, Padian N.

Prevention of unintended pregnancies among women living with HIV infection is a strategy recommended by the World Health Organization for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. This study assessed pregnancy intentions and contraceptive use among HIV-positive and HIV-negative women with a recent pregnancy in Zimbabwe.

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Exploring the use of mobile phone technology for the enhancement of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV program in Nyanza, Kenya: a qualitative study

By Jennings J, Ong’ech J, Simiyu R, Sirengo M and Kassaye S. BMC Public Health December 2013

Community-based mobile phone programs can complement gaps in clinical services for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in areas with poor infrastructure and personnel shortages. However, community and health worker perceptions on optimal mobile phone communication for prevention of mother-to-child transmission are underexplored. This study examined what specific content and forms of mobile communication are acceptable to support the prevention of mother-to-child transmission.

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Challenges in infant and young child nutrition in the context of HIV

By Sint TT, Lovich R, Hammond W, et al. AIDS November 2013

This article explores issues and evidence related to infant and young child feeding for the prevention and care of pediatric HIV in resource-limited settings in light of new HIV treatment guidelines, implementation challenges and knowledge gaps.

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Barriers to Men's Participation in Antenatal and Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission Care in Cameroon, Africa

As a quality improvement initiative, a survey was administered to identify men's knowledge and attitudes regarding antenatal care, and prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission, as well as HIV testing, care and treatment.

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Provision of Services and Care for HIV-Exposed Infants: A Comparison of Maternal and Child Health Clinic and HIV Comprehensive Care Clinic Models

By Ong’ech J, Hoffman H, Kose J, Audo M, Matu L, Savosnick P, Guay L. JAIDS September 2012 (61;1): 83-89

This study compared infant follow-up results when HIV-exposed infants services were provided within Maternal and Child Health clinics or in specialized HIV Comprehensive Care Clinics in Kenya.

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Country adaptation of the 2010 World Health Organization recommendations for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

The World Health Organization revised its global guidance on the use of antiretroviral therapy to treat HIV-positive pregnant women and prevent HIV infection in infants  with initial draft recommendations released in November 2009 and final guidelines launched in July 2010.  

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HIV monoclonal antibodies: a new opportunity to further reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission

By Voronin Y, Mofenson L, Cunningham C, et al. PLoS Med. April 2014

This study explores how monoclonal antibodies against HIV could provide a new opportunity to further reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV and propose that new interventions should consider issues related to implementation, feasibility, and access.

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Measuring coverage in MNCH: population HIV-free survival among children under two years of age in four African countries

By Stringer J, Stinson K, Tih P, et al.PLoS Med. May 2013

This study measured PMTCT service coverage, regimen use, and HIV-free survival among children ≤24 mo of age in Cameroon, Côte D'Ivoire, South Africa, and Zambia.

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The Association between HIV Status and Antenatal Care Attendance among Pregnant Women in Rural Hospitals in Lesotho

By Gill M, Machekano R, Isavwa A, Ahimsibwe A, Oyebanji O, Akintade O, Tiam A. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. March 2015.

Early and frequent antenatal clinic (ANC) attendance is important for promotion of healthy outcomes for mother and child. This study explored the relationship between HIV status at the first ANC visit and subsequent ANC attendance among pregnant women in Lesotho.

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