Statement from Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation and mothers2mothers on WHO’s Option B+

July 27, 2012

July 27, 2012, WASHINGTON, D.C. – At the XIX International AIDS Conference in Washington, D.C., there has been growing global momentum around optimal approaches to prevent transmission of HIV from mother to child and to keep HIV-positive mothers alive and healthy. 

The World Health Organization (WHO) recently encouraged countries to consider accelerating the adoption of one of two options for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) that both include added benefits for and emphasis on the health of mothers. Option B includes the use of triple-drug therapy for the mother during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and Option B+ continues that drug regimen for the mother’s lifetime.

The WHO’s three options – Options A, B, and B+ – all afford similar protection against mother-to-child transmission of HIV, but Option B+ has the greatest potential for health benefits for infected women, and can confer protection against transmission of HIV to an uninfected partner. 

There is growing consensus that Option B+ represents an evolving best standard for protecting both mother and child from the effects of HIV. The Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation (EGPAF) and mothers2mothers (m2m) support the development and implementation of revised WHO technical and operational guidelines, and will assist the implementation of whichever option is chosen by national governments.

Adoption of Option B+ will require careful study of new and existing operational issues. EGPAF is prepared to use its considerable country presence, technical capacity, and research ability to investigate the operational issues that need to be addressed and understood for optimal implementation of this regimen. Issues that should be studied through operations research include acceptability, adherence, drug resistance, retention, safety, and funding. EGPAF has been an instrumental partner in assisting the WHO and individual countries to implement past guidelines, and will continue to assist as new guidelines are updated.

m2m will support country efforts to implement Option B+ by using its simple and effective Mentor Mother model to promote enrollment and retention in care. Because m2m’s Mentor Mothers provide additional human resources – educating and supporting mothers as they learn to understand, accept, and adhere to lifelong treatment regimens – they can further ease the pressure this new protocol might cause already strained health systems. m2m is prepared to use its trusted presence in communities to ensure that all women, especially those not currently accessing care, are able to benefit from Option B+. 

As organizations working to implement the Global Plan towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections among Children by 2015 and Keeping their Mothers Alive, we are committed to overcoming any obstacle that prevents us from reaching our goal of ending HIV/AIDS in children and mothers.

There are still large numbers of HIV-positive, pregnant women who cannot access any effective PMTCT services, and so we must ensure that countries are able to accelerate efforts toward universal coverage.

We must also adequately address implementation barriers, such as weak health systems – especially in more rural settings – lack of human resources for health, and a need for significant education and community-based support to promote adherence to lifetime therapy and long-term retention in the health system.

We look forward to supporting countries to overcome these issues as they work toward achieving an AIDS-free generation.


About the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation (EGPAF):
The Foundation is a global leader in the fight against pediatric HIV/AIDS, reaching more than 14 million women with services to prevent transmission of HIV to their babies. It currently works at more than 5,400 sites and in 15 countries to implement prevention, care, and treatment services; to advance innovative research; and to execute global advocacy activities in order to bring dramatic change to the lives of millions of women, children, and families worldwide. For more information, visit For live updates and resources from EGPAF at the XIX International AIDS Conference, visit, and follow us @EGPAF.

About mothers2mothers (m2m):
mothers2mothers (m2m) is eliminating transmission of HIV from mothers to babies and sustaining the health of women and children with its proven Mentor Mother model. Since its inception, m2m has reached more than one million mothers in nine countries. Founded in Cape Town in 2001, m2m is a partner in the United Nations’ Global Plan towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections among Children by 2015 and Keeping their Mothers Alive. Learn more at or follow mothers2mothers @m2mtweets. 

Contacts: Michelle Milford Morse, mothers2mothers, 323-969-0445;

Robert Yule, Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation, 202-390-9540;