WWR: Breastfeeding, Stigma, Infant Circumcision, and Tuberculosis

This week, we’re featuring news stories from around the world on issues affecting people living with HIV/AIDS – including new research on breastfeeding and mother-to-child transmission, a study about the effects of stigma on pregnant women receiving prenatal care, and a public policy announcement on infant circumcision.

New York Times - Factor in Breast Milk May Cut H.I.V. Spread: In this New York Times blog, reporter Nicholas Bakalar discusses a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition that indicates that a carbohydrate in breastmilk – human milk oligosaccharides – may play a role in the transmission of HIV to infants.

New York Times - Stigma of H.I.V. Is a Barrier to Prenatal Care: The role stigma plays in the decision to get tested and treated for HIV is critical. In this article, reporter Donald McNeil writes on a study in Kenya that showed some pregnant women are reticent to get prenatal care or deliver in clinics because they are concerned that they may be seen as HIV-positive by members of their communities.

EGPAF - KENYA: A Nurse on a Personal Mission: Stigma is not only a risk for pregnant women; in many countries, health care workers living with HIV struggle with stigma as well. In this blog, EGPAF Senior Communications Officer Eric Kilongi tells the story of Florence, a nurse living with HIV in Kenya. She is working to fight discrimination against health care workers with HIV and promote discussion and dialogue on the disease.

Los Angeles Times - Pediatricians' group shifts in favor of circumcision: This week, the American Academy of Pediatrics released a statement on their official position on infant circumcision, saying that the risks of the procedure were outweighed by potential medical benefits.  This article details the decision and debate about the ruling by others in the medical community.

IRIN PlusNewsHEALTH: Rates of extensively drug resistant TB grow: In this story, IRIN PlusNews writes on a new study from The Lancet about increasing rates of tuberculosis that are resistant to multiple medications. Conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and national TB-control programs in eight countries, the study indicates that this strain of tuberculosis is more widespread than expected.

Jane Coaston is Media Relations Coordinator for the Foundation in Washington, D.C.