New Report from Kaiser: The HIV/AIDS Donor Landscape
Last week, the Kaiser Family Foundation released a new report analyzing the complex network of international assistance aimed at addressing the global impact of HIV/AIDS. As the report notes, the donor landscape for HIV/AIDS is varied and complex, and reflects a dramatic scale-up in the number of donors and assistance provided over the last decade to countries around the world. Between 2009 and 2011, 37 donors (26 bilateral and 11 multilateral) provided HIV/AIDS assistance to 143 different countries across nine regions. Donors spread their assistance broadly, giving to an average of 6 different regions and 40 different countries.
However, despite the high number of donors in this space, the report found that the actual amount of funding provided for HIV/AIDS is concentrated among a small number of donors:
- The United States provides almost two-thirds of all HIV/AIDS international assistance. The next largest donor, the Global Fund, provides one fifth of all assistance. Together they account for an average of 80 percent global HIV/AIDS assistance.
- On average, 10 donors were present in each recipient country . Fourteen recipient countries had more than 20 donors present during the three-year period: Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Rwanda, South Africa, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, India, Burkina Faso, and Mali.
- The biggest donor varies by region, with the United States providing the largest share of assistance in sub-Saharan Africa and North & Central America; the Global Fund providing the largest share in Europe, the Middle East, North Africa, South and Central Asia, South America, and Far East Asia; and Australia providing the largest share in Oceania.
What this analysis shows is that in order to achieve the ambitious goals set by this broad and varied group of donors, it will be more important than ever to ensure there is adequate and fruitful coordination between donors and recipients in order to realize the greatest return possible on the global investments being made in the HIV response.
Here at the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation, we seek to prevent pediatric HIV infection and to eradicate pediatric AIDS through research, advocacy, and prevention and treatment programs around the world, working in 15 countries at more than 5,500 sites. Working with country governments and ministries of health to ensure our efforts have the greatest possible impact is critical.
This report from Kaiser is the first in a planned series that will examine the donor nations and multilateral organizations involved in addressing different global health challenges in recipient countries worldwide. The reports aim at providing perspective on the geographic presence of global health donors and to enable more effective coordination and delivery of services globally and within individual recipient nations.
Johanna Harvey is Senior Communications Officer at the Foundation, based in Washington, D.C.